It is increasingly more apparent that the need for urgent, yet careful intervention must come not only from the elected officials sworn to protect the commonwealth of their principal constituency and community, but that they must work alongside those descendants of enslaved Africans who have been taken from their nativism and freedom to do so effectively as they have been systematically discriminated against, and enslaved in the United States of America:
More than 4,000,000 Africans and their descendants were enslaved in the United States and the colonies that became the United States of America from 1619 to 1865.
The institutions of indentured servitude and slavery were constitutionally and statutorily sanctioned by the United States from 1789 unto today as slavery is still constitutionally sanctioned by the United States Thirteenth Amendment upon conviction by of crime and practiced upon arrest.
Africans enslaved from the continental mainlands and islands of Africa, and the Americas thereafter, have been preemptively misnomered and identified as “Negro,” “Colored,” “Black,” and “African-American,” having been subversively subjected to the laws pertaining to those titles and disconnected from their actual and pre-existing tribal and ethnic identities, nationalities, freedom and birthrights, subversively being nationalised as United States citizens to which they have been prisoners of war for over 400 years.
Reconstruction Era enhanced the violations of formerly enslaved, now freedman’s social, civil, economic, and political rights as Special Field Order No. 15 proclamation and Freedmen’s Bureau Act existed to grant 40 acres of land and a mule to freed slaves in addition to aiding freedmen with food, housing, protection, education, health care, and employment contracts with private landowners, including the distribution of land, schools for their children, and military courts to ensure these rights, but was completely revoked and disbanded by President Andrew Johnson and President Ulysses S. Grant to where even those millions of dollars in capital and assets acclimated by those freedmen in spite of these violations was stolen from them in the bankruptcy of the Freedman’s Bank and establishment of “Black codes” to which they were constrained to wage labor to survive, often by force for little to no money at all.
Following the 13th Amendment, the United States government at the federal, state, and local levels continued to specifically perpetuate, condone, and profit from practices that continued to oppress, brutalize, and enslave Africans through Black codes of 1865, the Berlin Conference of 1884, national Sexual Sterilization Acts from 1907 to 1970, the Highway Act of 1956, sharecropping, convict leasing, Black suffrage, redlining, displacement and inadequate housing by government housing policies that include discriminatory VA/FHA practices including “Urban Renewal” and a variety of local and federal “affordable” housing programs, gentrification, the Compulsory Education Act of 1922, the War on Poverty in 1964, the War on Drugs in 1971, the Crime Bill of 1984, and disproportionate treatment at the hands of the criminal justice system.
The warfare, thievery, enslavement, and genocide that flourished in the United States of America constituted an immoral and inhumane deprivation of Africans’ peoplehood and culture, birthrights, citizenship rights, human rights, unalienable rights, indigenous people’s rights, and denied them the fruits of their own labor.
The perpetual violations of the United States Constitution to abide by its treaties as supreme law of the land, bounding Judges in every state, state constitutions and laws to the contrary notwithstanding, have transgressed Indigenous Black Americans’ land sovereignty, peoplehood and culture, birthrights, citizenship rights, human rights, unalienable rights, indigenous people’s rights, and denied them the fruits of their own labor.
A preponderance of scholarly, legal, commercial and community evidentiary records and documentation, as well as popular culture markers, constitute the basis for redress into the ongoing effects of the institution of slavery and its legacy of persistent systemic structures of discrimination on the living descendants of enslaved Africans and their societies in the United States of America as they have been subjected to over 500 years of social, political, economic, and ecological holocaust within the structures of Euro-colonialism to which the nation abides.
Preceeding the 13th Amendment, the United States government at the federal, state, and local levels created, condoned, and profited from practices that oppressed, brutalized, and enslaved Africans well beyond the mentioned Negro Act of 1740, Plantation Act of 1740, Fugitive Slave Act of 1793, Disruptive Preemption Act of 1841, and National Bank Act of 1863.
- Having been consistently and widely impoverished by discriminatory wages paid in every sector of the local economy regardless of credentials and experience, have experienced disproportionate unemployment rates and reduced opportunities to fully participate in the local job market;
- Having been systematically excluded from historic and present private economic development and community investments and, therefore, black-owned businesses have not received the benefits of these investments;
- Having been segregated from mainstream education and within present day school programs that include AG, AP, and Honors;
- Experiencing the denial of education through admission, retention and graduation rates of every level of education in WNC and through discriminatory disciplinary practices;
- Receiving inadequate, if not detrimental, health care as exemplified by disproportionate morbidities and mortality rates that result from the generational trauma of systemic racism, discriminatory treatment by medical professionals, and discriminatory medical practices such as involuntary sterilizations, denial of adequate testing, denial of preventative and curative procedures;
- Having been unjustly targeted by law enforcement and criminal justice procedures, incarcerated at disproportionate rates and subsequently excluded from full participation in the benefits of citizenship that include voting, employment, housing and health care;
- Having disproportionately been forced to reside in, adjacent to, or near Brown Zones and other toxic sites that negatively impact their health and property;
- Having disproportionately been limited to the confined routes of travel provided by public transportation;
- Having disproportionately suffered from the isolation of food deserts and childcare deserts;
- Having an unemployment rate more than twice the current white unemployment rate;
- Federally funded discrimination and displacement,
- Having an average of less than one-sixteenth of the wealth of white families, a disparity that has worsened, not improved, since 1865.
The descendants of enslaved Africans in the United States of America have suffered and continue to suffer from the United States’: